There are two main types of damages: compensatory damages and punitive damages. Both types aim to compensate a plaintiff for the monetary losses incurred as a result of the accident. Compensatory damages are calculated using medical bills submitted to the defendant’s insurance and lost wages due to the injury or time off work. Punitive damages, on the other hand, are awarded only in severe cases.
General damages are the most common type of personal injury damages. These are supposed to help a plaintiff return to his or her economic position prior to the accident. Unlike compensatory damages, these damages are more difficult to quantify. They include emotional trauma, pain, loss of companionship, and other non-monetary losses. Typically, a jury will award higher general damages to a victim who suffered severe trauma.
Economic damages are awarded to the injured party as compensation for past and future losses. This may be difficult to prove if the injured party is paid in variable pay or on a commission basis. Other types of economic damages are property damage, funeral costs (in the event of death), and personal care expenses.
In addition to economic damages, non-economic damages are awarded to spouses of personal injury victims. These can include the emotional and physical suffering of the spouse due to the incident. Emotional damages include loss of affection, companionship, society, and assistance. Sexual relationships may also be lost due to an injury.
Economic damages are the monetary costs incurred due to an accident. These expenses may include physician’s bills, hospital bills, physical therapy, and medications. The total cost of all these expenses must be proven. If a victim is permanently disabled, medical bills can reach hundreds of thousands of dollars.
In addition to compensatory damages, a plaintiff can also seek punitive damages. Punitive damages are awarded in extreme cases to punish the responsible party. They are less common than compensatory damages. If a person suffers a permanent injury due to an accident caused by another person’s negligence, they can sue the perpetrator for punitive damages.
In addition to compensation for medical bills, victims may also request compensation for their pain and suffering, and loss of enjoyment of life. Often the most misunderstood type of damages is pain and suffering. It’s best to consult with a lawyer before making any decisions regarding the amount of money you want to receive.
In addition to compensation for medical costs, a personal injury claim can cover personal care and household expenses. If the accident caused permanent impairments, personal care may be necessary to help the injured person with daily activities. The claim can also cover lost income from self-employment, commissions, and wages. Further, many accident victims may need therapy or special medical equipment to help them recover from their injuries.